Items of № 10, 2014

The Electrosvyaz Magazine is one of the leading science & technical magazines in Russia.

WAYS OF BROADBAND ACCESS DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA

V.V. Butenko, FSUE NIIR, Director, Dr. Sci.(Tech); butenko@niir.ru
V.E. Veerpalu, FSUE NIIR, Director RTC of EMC Analysis, Deputy Director, Dr. Sci.(Tech); veerpalu@niir.ru
E.E. Volodina, MTUCI, Professor, Ph.D.; evolodina@list.ru
E.E. Devyatkin, FSUE NIIR, laboratory RTC of EMC Analysis, the Head, Ph.D.; edevyatkin@niir.ru

The article describes main objectives, expected results and problems of broadband access development in Russia in the framework of the state program «Information society (2011–2020)», evaluates the contribution of broadband access in the country‘s economy. Based on international experience suggested recommendations for the successful implementation of broadband access on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, economic development, digitalization, broadband access, wireless digital technologies, Federal strategy plan.


 

FEATURES AND PROSPECTS OF THE US NATIONAL BROADBAND PLAN DEVELOPMENT

V.E. Veerpalu, NIIR FSUE, Director RTC of EMC Analysis, Deputy Director, Dr. Sci.(Tech); veerpalu@niir.ru
S.Y. Pastukh, NIIR FSUE, RTC of EMC Analysis, Deputy Director, Ph.D.; sup@niir.ru;
E.E. Volodina, MTUCI, Professor, Ph.D.; evolodina@list.ru
E.E. Devyatkin, NIIR FSUE, laboratory RTC of EMC Analysis, the Head, Ph.D.; edevyatkin@niir.ru

The paper analyses the main provisions of the United States national broadband plan development, the implementation of which, at the political leadership opinion, will contribute to strengthening the country‘s economic competitiveness, creation of new jobs, improvement of the life quality of Americans and support for innovative business environment. This article discovers ways and tasks, indicators of the plan achievement, given the cost of its implementation, recommendations for radio regulation improvement for the broadband access development.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, economic development, digitalization, broadband wireless access, digital technologies, Federal strategy plan.


 

INNOVATION METHODS FOR SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT

V.E. Veerpalu, NIIR FSUE, Director RTC of EMC Analysis, Deputy Director, Dr. Sci.(Tech); veerpalu@niir.ru
E.E. Volodina, MTUCI, Professor, Ph.D.; evolodina@list.ru
E.E. Devyatkin, NIIR FSUE, laboratory RTC of EMC Analysis, the Head, Ph.D.; edevyatkin@niir.ru
M.E. Devyatkina, NIIR FSUE, RTC of EMC Analysis, the Head of the sector

The article familiarizes the readers with the main idea of the new spectrum use architecture, implemented in the United States. The main idea is to allocate very wide bands (frequency highways) with the dynamic sharing of the government and civil radio frequencies in real time.
Keywords: information and communication technologies, economic development, digitalization, program, broadband wireless access, digital technologies, Federal strategy plan.


 

TELEPHONE NETWORK – THE BASIS OF A TARGETED EMERGENCY WARNING SYSTEM AND EVACUATION SUPERVISION

V.K. Koblyakov, CEO, PAKS LLC, Ph.D.; ooopax2014@yandex.ru
A.E. Krupnov, Infocommunication Union (ICU) President, Ph.D.; а3g@a3g.ru
Y.K. Sharipov, independent expert, Ph.D.; SharipovYK@yandex.ru
A.V. Koblyakov, independent expert, Ph.D.; akobliak@gmail.com

Proposed technical solutions for implementation of the targeted emergency warning systems and evacuation supervision (TEWS) running on a wired network telephony. The features of such systems are shown for their dignity.
Solutions incorporated in TEWS, protected by two patents for utility model.
Keywords: urgent emergency alert, targeted warning system, voice messages, control signals, the signals of nonverbal nature, wired (fixed) telephone network.


 

DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL TERRESTRIAL TV BROADCASTING IN THE RCC COUNTRIES: IMPLEMENTATION AND CHALLENGES

V.A. Korzh, FSUE NIIR, RTC for EMC Analysis, deputy director, Ph.D., korj@niir.ru
V.G. Dotolev, FSUE NIIR, RTC for EMC Analysis, Head of Department; v.dotolev@niir.ru

The paper addresses the outcomes of the decisions adopted by the Regional Radiocommunication Conference (RRC-06) on the implementation of digital terrestrial TV broadcasting (DTTB) in the European countries and the RCC Member-States.
The following challenging issues have been considered concerning digital switchover beyond 2015 and switch-off of interfering analog transmitters after 17.06.2015; prospective uses of the first (790–862) MHz and the second (694–790) MHz digital dividends in different countries (at the national level); use of radio spectrum in border areas of neighboring countries, and EMC between TV, ARNS and other radio systems operated on the primary basis in co-channel and adjacent channels with LTE mobile systems; as well as identification at the national level of spectrum requirements for broadcasting and mobile (LTE) services for the implementation of advanced technologies by the RCC administrations.
Keywords: analogue and digital terrestrial TV broadcasting, TV broadcasting networks, targeted programmes, international cooperation, International Telecommunication Union, broadcasting service, radio spectrum, electromagnetic compatibility, frequency resource, frequency bands, frequency planning, mobile communications, mobile communication networks.


 

METHOD OF OPTIMIZING SPEECH PRODUCTION PARAMETERS

V.A. Lepeshkin, Joint-Stock Company RUSSIAN INSNITUTE FOR POWER RADIOBUILDING, senior researcher, Ph.D; rimr500@mail.ru
L.Ya. Antonyuk, Joint-Stock Company RUSSIAN INSNITUTE FOR POWER RADIOBUILDING, Deputy Technical Director, professor, Ph.D; info@rimr.ru
O.F. Korkhov, Joint-Stock Company RUSSIAN INSNITUTE FOR POWER RADIOBUILDING, head of laboratory; rimr500@mail.ru

The question of optimizing the process of generation of vocoder signal-parameters in a time domain with the help of canonical transfer function expansions for a speech track model is submitted for consideration. Measure of proximity of a nonstationary stochastic process instantaneous spectrum of speech production with an energy spectrum distinguished by a speech production time slot is proposed as a criterion of comparison. To solve the task of optimizing the model of speech production the Karhunen-Loeve expansion is applied with reference to nonstationary transfer functions of linear systems. The method proposed is illustrated by the example of optimizing procedure for selecting rectangular «window» length.
Keywords: vocoder signal-parameters, a speech track model, the Karhunen-Loeve expansion, rectangular window length.


 

MODERN PROBLEMS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ECOLOGY

M.Y. Maslov, Radio Research & Development Institute Samara Branch, Head of the scientific and educational center of technical electrodynamics and antenna systems, Associate Professor, Ph.D; mikem@soniir.ru
Y.M. Spodobaev, Radio Research & Development Institute Samara Branch, Chief researcher of the scientific and educational center of technical electrodynamics and antenna systems, Professor, Dr. Sci.(Tech); spod@soniir.ru
M.Y. Spodobaev, Radio Research & Development Institute Samara Branch, Director, Ph.D.; mspd@soniir.ru

In this letter problems of electromagnetic ecology in a context of a modern level of development of telecommunication branch are considered. The material is structured according to methodological tendencies existing now: questions of electromagnetic monitoring, rationing of electromagnetic fields, forecasting, tool control and protection against electromagnetic fields and radiations are separately considered. The special attention is paid to melodic approaches to the complex solution of practical problems of electromagnetic ecology. Article is logical continuation of the publication of one of authors in the «ELECTROSVYAZ» No. 3 1992 and, substantially generalizes results of scientific practical activities of authors for last 20 years.
Keywords: electromagnetic fields, electromagnetic pollution, electromagnetic monitoring, electromagnetic prediction, geo-ecological mapping.


 

ESTIMATION METHOD OF THE DELAY VARIATION IN PACKET NETWORKS

A.A.S. Mohammed, Bonch-Bruevich St. Petersburg State University of Telecommunications; postgraduate; ala_fath@mail.ru

In this paper, the evaluation method of the packet delay variation is considered. Delay variation is one of the indicators of the quality of service for next generation network. It is proposed to use the Edgeworth series to approximate the distribution function of the packet delay. This function is needed for calculation of delay variation. Value of error due to using a Edgeworth series is estimated.
Keywords: delay variation, distribution function, quality of service, packet network, Edgeworth series.


 

THE USE OF MODERN INFOCOMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR RESCUE OF PEOPLE IN EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

A.P. Nazarenko, FSUE NIIR, Director of Center — Deputy Director General, PhD; apn@niir.ru
V.K. Sarian, FSUE NIIR, Director of Science and Education Center, Professor, Dr. Sci.(Tech); sarian@niir.ru
N.A. Suschenko, FSUE NIIR, Engineer, Postgraduate Student (MIPT); 070@niir.ru
A.S. Lutokhin, FSUE NIIR, Engineer, Postgraduate Student (MIPT); 070@niir.ru

The example of many disasters occurred in recent years, shows that information and communication technologies‘ applications for the rescue of people in emergency situations are used inefficiently, even in developed countries. In this paper a model of emergency management systems is considered, which allows to analyze the causes of such inefficiency. Also a new paradigm of emergency management is offered, that suggests the transition of notification to the individualized rescue. The result of its application is the creation of equal opportunities for rescue of people in emergencies.
Keywords: information and communication technology, emergency, rescue people, emergency management.


 

DEVELOPMENT TRENDS AND THE ROLE OF BROADBAND IN THE GLOBAL SCALE

S.Y. Pastukh, NIIR FSUE , Deputy Director, RTC of EMC Analysis, Ph.D.; sup@niir.ru
M. E. Devyatkina, NIIR FSUE, sector RTC of EMC Analysis, the Head; mary-ia@niir.ru
T.A. Sukhodolskaya, NIIR FSUE, RTC of EMC Analysis, science researcher; sta@niir.ru

This article considers the trends in the broadband development and its role in solving socio-economic problems. Paper reflects tasks of the country’s political leadership for effective regulation and control, innovation and investment provision of conditions for the broadband development.
Keywords: broadband communication, information and communication technologies, economic development, digitalization, program, broadband wireless access, Millennium Development Goals.


HF RADIO: RENAISSANCE ON THE BASIS OF THE DIGITAL

M.M. Stupnitsky, FSUE NIIR, Deputy General Director Ph.D.; smm@niir.ru

Is motivation the relevance of the issues HF-radio today. Examines the state of HF radio communication in Russia and abroad. Shown rapid development of foreign systems HF radio. The characteristic of the main efforts and results of national science and technology in the field of HF radio communications. The goal is to create in the Federal system HF-radio dual-purpose (FSHR). Defined the essence of organizational-technical and scientific-technical problems of creating FSHR. Discusses the role and place of the FSUE NIIR in shaping FSHR.
Keywords: HF radio communication, digital base, antenna-feeder system, the data rate, the Federal system HF-radio dual-purpose.

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